The research is a comparative study of Students’ Performance in Economics in private and public schools in Gwagwalada Area Council. It served the purpose of finding out, the level of performance of students in Private Secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, the level of performance of students in Public Secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, the difference in the level of performance between Private and Public Secondary schools, and proffering solutions to students’ poor performance in Gwagwalada Area Council. The survey research design was adopted in which 10 schools selected for study consisting of 5 private and 5 public schools using the simple random sampling technique. All the 20 Economics teachers in the ten selected schools served as subjects for this study. The questionnaire designed by the researcher was used as instrument for data collection. The collected data were analysed using tables of frequency distribution, percentages, mean scores, and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Findings of the study revealed that 70.0% of the respondents are of the view that the level of performance of students in Private Secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council is low; 60.0% of the respondents are of the view that the level of performance of students in Public Secondary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council is very low; A significant number of the respondents with 3.5 and 3.2 mean scores indicated that poor attitude of students in public secondary schools contribute to their failure than those in the private secondary schools, and that teachers’ attitude contributes to poor performance in the public secondary schools than those in the private secondary schools respectively; finally, 65.0% of the respondents are of the view that Seminars and workshops should be organized for teachers to enhance their professional competence. The study recommended that the Federal Ministry of Education should put machineries in place that will provide the necessary facilities needed in our schools to improve the poor performance.
Study of Students’ Performance in Economics in Public and Private Schools
Ojelabi, (2009), discovered that students’ achievements in the secondary school certificate economics have remained poor. He observed that secondary schools have derailed in the provision of qualitative education expected of them. In the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Abuja, the researcher discovered that the situation is not far from what obtains elsewhere in the country. Economics which use to be the best subject of majority of the students has now been relegated to the background. Most people blamed the situation on the un-seriousness of students; some others blame it on teacher’s lack of commitment and greed for money; while others blame it on government’s high-handedness in the handling of education-related issues in the country.
Yet, most people are of the opinion that government owned schools have teachers who are not motivated to work hard, and as such the students are not well taught which reflects in poor academic performance. Yet, other people are of the opinion that private schools are only set up for profit motive and do not care about the subject matter that is supposed to be taught in the classroom, but are only concerned about how they can cheat during exams to provide good results for their students.
It is therefore in a bid to contribute to knowledge in this area that this study will compare students’ performance in Economics in private and public schools in Gwagwalada Area Council.