Indiscipline And Its Effect on Pupil’s Performance: A Case Study of Some Selected Junior Secondary Schools

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This work focuses on indiscipline and its effect on pupil’s performance; a case study of some selected Junior Secondary School in Gwagwalada Area Council. Indiscipline has been a recurring phenomenon in Nigeria schools such that often result in physical combat between students and teachers or students and students and even students and parents. This study, seeks to find out what are causes and impact of indiscipline on students’ performance in selected Junior Secondary Schools in Gwagwalada. Two basic techniques were used, which includes primary and analytical techniques. The analytical techniques was based on information gathered by consulting some books, journals related to the subject matter while for the primary data, survey method was used. A sample of 370 respondents was randomly sampled out of which 352 were valid and used for the study. Base on the review on the documented source and analysis of primary data, it was concluded that, indiscipline is a problem in junior secondary schools in Gwagwalada area council. This study therefore recommended that the government has a role to play in ensuring that the schools infrastructures are developed, making the learning environment conducive, recruit qualified and disciplined teachers into the school system. Also, Parents and teachers should meet regularly in order to address the adherent problems face by students at school and at home and Counselors in schools should not be armed chair officer, but should be more proactive in seeing the challenges and inadequacies of students.

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Table of Content


Table of Contents




1.1      Introduction

1.2      Statement of the Problem

1.3      Purpose of the Study

1.4      Significance of the Study

1.5      Hypothesis

1.6      Scope and Limitation of the Study

1.7      Definition of Terms



2.1      Introduction

2.2       Definition of Discipline and Indiscipline

2.3       Acts of Indiscipline in Schools and Society at Large

2.4       General Causes of Indiscipline

2.5       Causes of Indiscipline among Student

2.5.1    Student Oriented

2.5.2    Administrative Oriented

2.5.3    Socio – economic

2.5.4    Government Ordered

2.5.5    Parental Oriented

2.6       Remedies to Indiscipline

2.7       Conclusion



3.1      Introduction

3.2      Research Design

3.3      Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5      Administration of Data Collection

3.6      Data Analysis




4.1       Introduction

4.2      Data Presentation and Analysis

4.3      Hypothesis testing and findings



5.1      Introduction

5.2      Summary

5.3      Conclusion

5.4      Recommendations

5.5      Suggestions for further Studies



Chapter One



Indiscipline is a societal challenge which cuts across peer groups, institution, churches, mosques, communities, public and private sectors. Disobedience of set rules and regulations, due process constituted authority and laws of the land are summed up in the word “indiscipline”. Indiscipline is the bedrock of a bad society, whether simple or complex societies there are prescribed norms which all her members conform to. Norms is the role or standard behavior determined by the shared expectation of a group which is regarded as socially accepted pattern of every individual in that group. This is generally accepted way of behaviour makes possible attainment of socially described objectives of the society. It is therefore, the conformity of this norms or acceptable patterns of behavior that helps to hold the society together for which Gwagwalada area council the area of this research work is not an exception.

Gwagwalada area council like any other area council in Abuja cannot rule out the act of indiscipline among youths, students and pupils. Hence its past and present chairman emphasized much to the principals about discipline among the students and the pupils. In order to ensure discipline in schools, they provided schools management with teaching and instructional materials, built libraries, laboratories and ensured that the best teaching staff are recruited.

However, for the purpose of this study, indiscipline is narrowed to students of selected Junior Secondary School in Gwagwalada area council of FCT. As in other system, the school is a social organization and has its established norms i.e. patterns or ways of behavior which is expected of its community (student, teachers and non teaching staff). The official actions of the principal or head and teaching staff are being governed by rules and regulations, professional codes of conducts and ethics which are expressed by the school. There are also rules and regulations that govern the student/pupils and other group of personnel that work in the school.

Some of these rules and regulations especially those affecting the conduct of teachers are externally driven imposed and enforced by the education providers, others affecting the students body are internally prescribed, imposed and enforced by the school authorities comprising the head teacher and other teachers. Taking into cognizance those rules and regulations that are externally determined for the smooth, efficient and effective running of the institutions. The externally driven are given by the state ministry of education, and any of its agencies, such as State Secondary or Primary Education Board, with reference to the government agenda in education. Today, the school system like most other social organization is faced with serious challenges. The school community student and teachers are not abiding or conforming to the norms of the school, such as late coming to school, leaving or closing before time. Improper dressing to school, drug abuse, stealing, indulging in alcohol, smoking, exam malpractices, illicit affairs, fighting, teachers failure to update their lesson notes. The effect of indiscipline is hinged on low productivity and performance.


  • Statement of the Problem

Students are regarded in high esteem in the society because they are look upon as future leaders. Their behavior while in school determines the types of leadership they will exhibit when they have grown. To check mate them makes the researcher came up with the statement of the problem thus: indiscipline and its effect on pupils performance: A case study of some selected schools.

  • The Purpose of the Study

The researcher aims at identifying the possible causes of increase indiscipline in our post primary institutions. And also, aim at evaluating its effects on the pupil’s performance. Apart from the stated purpose, it is also in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Nigerian Certificate in Education (NCE).


  • Significance of the Study

The ultimate aim of this study is to look into the issues that must have promoted this research work. At the end, other follow up researches on this particular project will be able to differentiate between discipline and indiscipline, what causes indiscipline, how they affect the student’s performance in school and outside the school system, their implication on the school and society at large.


  • Hypothesis

For the sake of effectiveness, the researcher has propounded the following hypothesis to serve as a basis of the study.

  1. Inadequacy of qualified and disciplined teachers affects learning and discipline in schools
  2. Some government policies and activities work against effective discipline in schools.
  • Peer group influence on the student’s attitudinal behavior contributes to indiscipline in school.
  1. The family background influence the student’s behavior.
    • Scope and Limitation of the Study

The research is meant to cover some selected junior primary schools in Gwagwalada area council. They include; Junior Secondary School Gwagwalada, Junior Secondary School Phase 3, Junior Secondary School Sabon Gari, Junior Secondary School Haji Camp, Junior Secondary School Kutunku.

The researcher would have covered all the selected Junior Secondary Schools, but due to some logistic challenges, such as;

  1. Lack of finance: especially in printing and administration the questionnaire.
  2. Lack of sufficient time to cover the areas of study in the time frame
  3. Weather is another limitation as the researcher could not get to some area because of the rain.
  4. Inability of respondents to return their questionnaires.


1.7     Definition of Terms

Norms: a norm is a group-held belief about how members should behave in a given context. Sociologist described norms as informal understanding that governs individuals’ behaviour in society. Psychologists extend the definition to including other smaller units like; a team, an office etc.

Disobedience: to yield to self – will instead of surrendering. That is failure to obey rules or someone in authority. It means failure to follow an order or rule

Discipline: is systematic instructions intended to train a person, sometimes literally called a disciple in a craft, trade or other activity, or to follow a particular code of conduct or order. Discipline is the assertion of will power over more base desires, and is usually understood to be synonymous with self control.

Indiscipline: is a situation in which people do not control their behaviour or obey rules. It is lack of control or punishment.

Education: Samson .O. Olaitan (1989) defines education as the corner-stone of any nation and has remained for sometime a big industry in Nigeria. Aleazi (1990) defines education as the transmission of knowledge and information form one generation to the other.

Teacher: Aleazi (1990) defines a teacher as someone that possesses knowledge and methods of imparting it that could bring about positive change in the learners attitude/ behavior.

Secondary School: This is the level of education attained for 6 years after primary school level of education.


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