Since the return of civil rule in Nigeria in 1999, there had been an upsurge in Activities of civil society organization in the country. In respect of organized labour, there had been tremendous increase in unionism and activism throughout the country. This study sets out to examine the role of Nigeria Labour Congress in a democratic context with emphasis on its influence on the process of governmental public policies most especially deregulation policy in the period under review (1999-2007). The study adopt qualitative method of inquiring which relies heavily on the use of secondary data, sourced from books, journals, dailies, as well as publications from the analysis which was the thematically organized in keeping with descriptive analytical method the study observes that the Nigerian Labour Congress has influenced the direction of government public policies on the policy of deregulation, aggregation and advocacy as well as civil activism.
Nigeria Labour Congress
Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) is an umbrella organization for trade unions in Nigeria. It was founded in 1978 following a merger of four different organisations: Nigeria Trade Union Congress (NTUC), Labour Unity Front (LUF), United Labour Congress (ULC) and Nigeria Workers Council (NWC). The numerous affiliated unions were restructured into 42 industrial unions. Its founding President was Wahab Goodluck.
During its history, conflicts with the military regime twice led to the dissolution of the NLC’s national organs, the first in 1988 under the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida and the second in 1994, under the regime of General Sani Abacha. Under Nigeria’s military governments, labour leaders were frequently arrested and union meetings disrupted. Following democratic reforms in the country, some of the anti-union regulations were abolished in January 1999. The same month Adams Oshiomhole was elected President of the reformed organisation.
Today, the NLC has 29 affiliated unions. In total, they gather around 4 million members, according to their own figures. This makes the NLC one of the largest trade union organisations in Africa. (Source: Wikipedia)
THE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The research work embraces the descriptive method of analysis using the system theory, social force theory, rational man benefit theory to examine he nexus between Labour and politics
Thus, data that will be used are sourced from secondary sources. This is because secondary sources constituted by various documented materials V12 textbooks, magazines, newspapers, journals, seminar papers and other relevant documents due to topicality and nature of the study.