A phobia (from the Greek: QOBC, phobias, fear morbid fear), is an irrational, intense, persistent fear of certain situations, activities, things, or people. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive, unreasonable desire to avoid the reared subject, when the fear is be young one’s control, and if the fear is interring with daily life, then a diagnosis under of the anxiety disorders can be made.
According to the Advanced English Dictionary, phobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations. According to new man in 1980 phobia is a strong fear that focuses upon specific object or situation b an individual. Children at the early stage of school or early stage of school or early age are generally fearful, they have fear strangers, darkness, animals, insects e.t.c. For instance, if a teacher uses cane on a child who has natural fear for cane, he develops more school fear. He can also develop fear as a result of punishment given by a teacher that is, when the child falls to do his one work or assignment or comes late to school such an excessive fear for school that is referred to as “school phobia” s a result of that fear, he avoids school or the situation at school that frightens him or her, indeed that is why greater emphasis is placed on the teaching of child development in teachers training curriculum Abdullahi (1983).
Crow (1974) opined that have value to the extent that it motivates people to be cautions. He added that when fear becomes abnormal, it is harmful and can be dangerous. Phobias in the clinical meaning of the terms are the most common form of anxiety disorder.
An American study by the National Institute or Mentally Health (NIMH) found that between 8:7: and 18.% or Americans suffer from phobia. Broken down by age and gender, the study found that phobias were the most common mental illness among women in all groups and the second most common illness among men older than.