This research is a report on the findings carried out to compare the study on the performance of public and private secondary school students in economics during SSCE in Kuje Local Area Council FCT Abuja. The research design used for the study is descriptive and survey research. The sampling technique in which four(4) secondary schools in the area of study were selected. The major instrument used for generating data was the proforma for extraction of relevant information from school record files for economics performance in SSCE examination results for May/June, 2012 in both WAEC and NECO respectively. Which shall demanded as follows: examination numbers, names of candidates and their scores, for forty (40) sample of students in two (2) types of school. The instrument was face validated by the project supervisor that was used to collect these results as approved and sent by the two examination bodies. Simple percentage scores was used for the data analysis. The results were analyzed, findings discovered highlighted, and recommendation made in order to arrest the continuous occurrence of the poor performance of student SSCE economics.
Economics is a very important subject that makes it the basis for contribution by different thinkers, scholars, philosophers, scientist and economists. Some of the definitions formulated include; Siyan (1993) described economic as a systematic and scientific study aimed at harmonizing individual or societal limited resources to work out and meet up their economic wants at any given situation. He therefore defined economics as a systematic study of the ways the individual and the societies allocate their limited resources to try to satisfy their wants maximally.
According to Harper (2001), Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek οἰκονομία (oikonomia, “management of a household, administration”) from οἶκος (oikos, “house”) + νόμος (nomos, “custom” or “law”), hence “rules of the house(hold)”. Current economic models emerged from the broader field of political economy in the late 19th century. A primary stimulus for the development of modern economics was the desire to use an empirical approach more akin to the physical sciences. (Clark, 1998).
Economics aims to explain how economies work and how economic agents interact. Economic analysis is applied throughout society, in business, finance and government, but also in crime, education, the family, health, law, politics, religion, social institutions, war, and science. The expanding domain of economics in the social sciences has been described as economic imperialism. (Iannaccone, L. R. 1998).