Unemployment has been categorized as one of the serious impediments to social progress and development of the Nations world over. Unemployment is a global trend, but it occurs mostly in developing countries of the world, with attendant social, economic, political and psychological consequences (Ayinde, 2008; Emeka, 2011; Chigunta, 2002). Thus, massive youth unemployment in any country is an indication of far complex problems. According to International Labor Organization (ILO), the proportions of world unemployment are steadily increasing and that the number of those without jobs remained at an all-time high of more than 195 million or 6.3 percent in 2007. The issue of youths’ unemployment in Nigeria has become a national concern as the unemployed youths tend to be more anxious, depressed and unhappy with their attendant sleeplessness than those with jobs (Samuel, Ofem and Samuel, 2006).
Youth unemployment, therefore, could be described as the conglomerate of youths with a diverse background, willing and able to work, but cannot find any. When the supply of labor outstrips the demand for labor, it causes joblessness and unemployment. Given the lack of sufficient employment opportunities in the formal sector, young people may be compelled to engage in casual work and other unorthodox livelihood sources, thus leading to underemployment (Echebiri, 2005; Onah, 2001; Venatus & Agnes 2010). According to Okonkwo (2005), the negative consequences of youth unemployment include poverty, psychological problems of frustration, depression, hostility, suspiciousness of people, food insecurity, all manner of criminal behavior and general insecurity of life and property. Majority of Nigerians are living in poverty (Omotola, 2008; Aigbokhan, 2000; Earth trends, 2003; Garba, 2006).
This study will aim at examining the menace of unemployment from a socio-political perspective in the society with Gwagwalada Area Council as a case study.