The study is concerned with investigating on crime and role of security sector development to Nigeria. As the country is in an era where security have become the biggest challenge to every citizen of Nigeria, most especially the security of life and property. The study will as such focus on the lapses and the inadequate and ineffective security sector development which has caused the right to security unfulfilled.
Security sector development emerged as a key concept in the late 1990s among the security experts and democracy advocates. It is a relative concept that is mainly aimed at provision of both state and human security within a sovereign and defined the geographical entity. Hence, the primary task of the security sector is to ensure the safety of lives and property, while the governed are to provide useful information that will assist the security sector in performing its duties provided the safety of the former will be guaranteed in the process of giving useful information. In Nigeria and in most of the third world countries generally, government security system has outlived its usefulness and private securities have taken over its roles. The fact remains that security is fundamental to people’s livelihood for economic, social and political development and self-esteem. Where there is no safety, development is automatically arrested. This means that security sector is the main backbone of any nation. Because security provides safety for the protection of lives and properties of the people, likewise no country can develop without freedom and safety. In a related submission, (Olaleye, 2012) argues that the security challenge of the 21 century in Nigeria has become almost intractable, especially given the onslaught of terrorism, a crime hitherto alien to the nation’s security architecture. He further explains that this development clearly revealed that, the police and other security agencies are not prepared to take on the challenges and to face the perpetrators.
The attitude and character of officers and men of the sector have not shown the structure of personnel with a commitment to service.
The issue of security sector management since Nigeria’s independence has been tied to the politics of governance and to the activities of civil society. It encompasses both military and human security and involves questions of development and conflict management. What constitutes security sector reform and how should it be approached?
International Affairs Journal of Military History, and War in History from the Centre for Defense Studies, Kings College London focuses on the military side of the equation, examining the issue in its development till date. The concept of ‘security’ in Nigeria was militarised from the beginning of reform, and the politics of reform were controlled by officers with an interest in protecting their position of power. Throughout the 1990s, however, it became clear that the army dictatorship was coming to an end. The security sector became involved in the process of democratic transition. It was recognized that stability in the country would depend on how well the security apparatus was managed and whether it could be capable of skillfully addressing the issues of ethnic, social, economic and political tensions in the country.
Primary and secondary data collection methods were used to ascertain information for the research work. The data collected were presented using tables and analyzed with simple percentage while Chi-square was used to test the hypothesis. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between crime and the role of security sector development. The researcher, therefore, recommends that the security sector should be developed to check crime and criminal activities in Nigeria.