This study examined the implications of continuous cropping on soil properties with a view to identify the soil parameters that are degraded for effective management and sustainable crop production in rural communities (Yebu ward) of Kwali Areaa Council in FCT Abuja. Farmlands operating on mono cropping and mixed cropping systems were identified and soil samples were collected from 5m x 5m quadrant demarcated on each of the farmland and adjacent fallow land (control) within the same geological settings and ecological zone. Soil samples were collected from different sites in a typical rural Yebu community of Kwali Area Council f the FCT, at both sub-surface (15-30cm) and top soil (0-15cm). Essential soil elements that are relevant to soil fertility were analyzed using standard laboratory analytical procedures. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to summarize and draw inferences from the results. The analysis revealed that the means of soil parameters were significantly different within and among the sampled sites. There is a general reduction in the nutrient contents of the soils under the two cropping systems, when compared with the contents on fallow land. Consequently, a significant variation in crop output is inevitable. This means that the cropping systems have effects on soil elements, fertility status and has implications for agricultural productivity. Therefore, it is expedient to generate appropriate environmentally friendly soil management techniques suitable for each cropping system in other to enhance soil fertility and sustain food production in the rural farming Yebu community of Kwali Area Council of the FCT.