Paint is the general term for stuff that is used to add colour to the surface of an object. Paint is made from a coloured pigment which is usually a powder. The powder is made from different chemicals. Some of the pigments come straight from natural things like clay. The pigment must be made wet with something that will make it stick onto the surface and not easily detached. That wet stuff is called the “medium”.
Some paints are mixed with water. Other paints are mixed with oil or chemical of different sorts. Most painters buy paint that is already mixed. House-painters use paints already mixed in large cans. Artists buy in tubes, while others buy dry pigment and mix it for themselves.
The urge to beautify buildings and other valuable objects has led to increased demand for paints. However, most products in the market do not, to a reasonable extent, offer maximum satisfaction to users. Quality paint products are costly, while cheaper ones come with some undesirable features like short spans and health hazards. The researcher will want to develop a simple chemical method that will make oil paint cheaper, safe and long-lasting.
The production of gloss (oil) paint was successfully carried out with simple apparatus, using alkyd resin as the medium (solvent). The paint product obtained was subjected to series of quality and viability tests and was observed to stand the test of time. Consequent upon this, students, researchers and intending industrialists are encouraged to embark on paint production using simple apparatus and method, and readily available raw materials as recommended in this work.