This work focuses on the effect of poverty on economic growth in Nigeria. Poverty is a ramped phenomenon in most parts of this country, to this effect, this study, seeks to find out the menace and impact of poverty, the obstacles to achieving government policies on poverty reduction and the means by which the obstacles can be eliminated. In the study, economic growth was measured using GDP growth rate and regressed poverty measured based on head count poverty rate, per capital income growth rate. Secondary data was used, collected from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) statistical bulletins to estimates the statistical bulletin relationship. The findings from the study showed that there was an insignificant positive relationship between economic growth and poverty based on head count also an insignificant positive relationship between economic growth and per capital income growth rate. It was concluded that poverty can become a thing of the past. If corruption , mismanagement macro –economic instability, low capacity, utilization, unemployment, rapid population growth, discrimination, bad social policy and a host of others can be eliminated. This study therefore recommended that government should invest in human capacity building, provide basic infrastructure for sustainable economic growth, make business environment friendly and attractive to investors, also the government need to implement relevant population policies to reduce population, eliminate corruption and mismanagement and provide job for the populist.